With $100, You Too Can Invest in Regenerative Agriculture | Civil Eats

With $100, You Too Can Invest in Regenerative Agriculture

Steward is putting capital into helping sustainable, small farms grow, while cultivating a new kind of farm investor.

Fisheye Farms' Andy Chae.

Fisheye Farms got started in Detroit’s West Village neighborhood in 2015 with just 1,200 square feet of raised bed space. The farmers discovered quickly that the city’s resurgent restaurant scene meant there was plenty of demand for local, sustainably grown vegetables.

“We were making sales and growing a lot of produce,” said co-founder Andy Chae. “We had a business going, and the whole time we were trying to find more land and just hitting roadblocks everywhere we went.” When Chae and co-founder Amy Eckert found a promising parcel, they approached their bank for a loan, but they were quickly shot down. So, when a team from Steward, an investment start-up looking to funnel capital into regenerative agriculture projects around the world, expressed interest in giving them a loan, they were intrigued.

Thanks to their partnership with Steward, Fisheye Farms acquired a plot that’s nearly 10 times larger than the original, in the neighborhood of Core City.

Fisheye Farms' Amy Eckert and Andy Chae.

Fisheye Farms’ Amy Eckert and Andy Chae.

It’s one example of how during a proof-of-concept phase over the past year, Steward put $2.2 million into 16 varied projects hand-picked by the company’s team. Now, farms can apply for funding directly on Steward’s website. And on the investment side, anyone can buy into the Steward Farm Trust—a fund that will provide loans across the portfolio of farms—with a minimum of $100.

“That was the idea all along,” said founder Dan Miller, a real estate and tech entrepreneur, “that people can come to the website and invest directly, and farmers can submit directly—and we connect those two components.” Investors at certain levels will also soon be able to invest in individual farms.

Over 2,000 farms applied for funding in the first year, and Miller is looking to scale up. “I’ve generally found that these farms … have economic opportunities. They are just starved of funding,” he said. “More people are getting into regenerative and sustainable farming. We’d love to be working with hundreds, and hopefully thousands, of farmers in the not-too-distant future.”

The Steward Model

Steward is not the first company promoting and enabling investment in sustainable agriculture. Dirt Capital is known for its work helping organic farmers in the Northeast buy land, and Denver-based Bio-Logical Capital has financed and helped execute regenerative agriculture projects in Vermont and Hawaii. Online platform Kiva connects investors to small-scale farmers around the world. And Arabella Advisors and RSF Social Finance have advanced “impact investing” in various food system projects, including sustainable agriculture initiatives.

Steward's Dan Miller

Dan Miller of Steward.

While each project approaches the challenge slightly differently, Miller says this alternative funding is still just a drop in the bucket compared to the financing that goes into industrial commodity agriculture. “Almost all agricultural lending is driven by government policy, whether it’s direct government lending or through banks that have government programs, and those policies incentivize large industrial production,” he said. “So, the second you’re not [producing] commodity products, you’re in another bucket that’s too small, too complicated, and is completely ignored.”

Anu Rangarajan, director of the Cornell Small Farms Program, said accessing capital is a huge issue for the small farms her team works with around the country, especially those run by new farmers who don’t inherit land. “It’s pretty well established that funding is a real issue these days given that land values have gone up a lot,” she said, “and then having operating capital is also a challenge.”

Rather than competing with other “good food” investment vehicles, Miller sees Steward as complementary, with each company adding eggs to the still-tiny basket of investors trying to tip the scale in the other direction.

Plus, while many funds focus specifically on land, Steward also provides loans to improve infrastructure. For instance, loan recipient Omar Beiler, an Amish grass-fed dairy farmer, bought processing equipment that allowed him to sell milk, butter, and ice cream directly to customers.

“Whatever the farmer needs, we’ll adjust accordingly,” Miller said. In addition to the investments in Beiler’s operation and Fisheye Farm, Steward has helped Oregon-based East Fork Cultivars buy 12 acres of land to grow certified organic hemp and Louisiana-based Dusty Roads farm buy a walk-in cooler for its organic vegetables, more than half of which had been going to waste due to lack of refrigeration. Steward has also funded several international projects, such as a natural winemaker in Switzerland and a pomegranate farm in Morocco.

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Omar Beiler on his horse-drawn tractor.

Omar Beiler on his horse-drawn tractor.

While the farms the company has funded so far are diverse in location and crops, the farmers are overwhelmingly white, a point Rangarajan hit on right away when evaluating the company’s model. Miller said the team is actively working on diversifying their portfolio, and noted the many women and LGBTQ farmers who had accessed funding. “We’ve had many ongoing discussions about how to guarantee more inclusivity in an area that is historically harder for people of color to break into or thrive in,” he said.

To apply for funding, farms fill out an application on the website. Steward then evaluates applications based on business plans and farm practices. For example, it requires farms to be regenerative, meaning they “increase biodiversity, enrich soils, improve watershed health, sequester carbon, and enhance ecosystem services,” and sustainable, defined as “prioritize[ing] self-sufficiency and capable of sustaining farmers, resources, and communities.” It also sends employees and consultants to visit farms the company is considering investing in.

Once a farm is accepted, Steward works with the farmers to structure a loan based on their specific needs and resources. Miller said loans could range from $10,000 to $1 million (the majority from the first round of funding were six-figure numbers). Each farm also gets a “farm steward,” who is tasked with offering guidance and resources as necessary.

Any investor with $100 or more can go to the website and invest in the Steward Farm Trust, which owns the entire portfolio of loans and has a projected annual return rate of 4 to 6 percent. The company is calling the model “crowdfarming,” since individuals can do it easily online and they’re investing alongside others. But unlike crowdfunding models such as Kickstarter, the online investment pathway does not allow you to select a specific project; the lending is spread across Steward’s portfolio of farms. There are opportunities for “qualified” investors to put their money into specific farm projects, but that is through a separate fund and requires more capital.

The challenge, then, will be finding investors who are interested in supporting regenerative agriculture and are willing to bet their money on it—with returns that are much higher than what one would make from a savings account but with less potential for profit than investing in, say, stocks.

One challenge, Miller said, is that “people don’t invest in farms. It’s not something they have in their investment portfolio. So, we’re going to have to educate them about that.”

Future Stewardship

Another challenge is that while Steward has big plans for the future, many of the farms it has funded have not yet entered the repayment phase. And the small farms will have to manage high interest rates—Steward’s loan rates are between 8 and 10 percent—while working within tight margins and in the face of unpredictable weather patterns.

Rangarajan of Cornell’s Small Farms Program said she was concerned that those rates were so high, farmers may not be able to manage them. “The margins on a farm are so low,” she said, “so if you have a crop loss, that could be an issue, people defaulting on loans because of loss.”

Miller recognized how high the rates seem to farmers used to seeing government subsidized rates of around 2 percent, but said that is another example of how the system privileges large commodity operations, in terms of only giving larger farms access to artificially cheap capital.

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“Steward aims to build a capital market for sustainable agriculture that fairly compensates both parties—investors earn returns commensurate with the risk of small farms and farmers access flexible funding tailored to their needs,” he said. “Though the interest rates are higher … we have found that farmers are able to grow rapidly with appropriately tailored funding, especially when supported by Steward and our network of Farm Stewards.”

At East Fork Cultivars, CEO Mason Walker and farm founders Nathan and Aaron Howard had been growing CBD-rich cannabis since 2015. The team had been looking to grow hemp for several years but hadn’t been able to access land. That changed when they met Miller. When a neighboring farm went up for sale, they were able to buy it with a $640,000 loan from Steward. That loan came with a 9 percent interest rate, but Steward gave the farm a two-year grace period before they’d have to start making payments, which was crucial, Walker said.

East Fork Cultivars CEO Mason Walker (left) and co-founder Aaron Howard.

East Fork Cultivars CEO Mason Walker (left) and co-founder Aaron Howard.

“It’s certainly way more expensive than a traditional mortgage, but [we liked that] they would be an ally for us and a strategic partner to support our mission,” Walker said. “The consultants on staff also helped us buy farm equipment, and with budgeting and marketing opportunities.”

Rangarajan said that this kind of ongoing partnership could make a big difference in whether the Steward-funded farms are able to succeed. “When people are ready to scale to build toward greater and greater farm viability … the three- to four-year stage can be the make-or-break point,” she said. “To be able to go into partnership with someone who understands that risk and is supportive as the farm grows, I think that would be really exciting.”

Today, East Fork is growing certified organic hemp for CBD and has also turned its farm into a kind of living lab. Researchers from the University of California, Berkeley are using the site to study how growing cannabis impacts wildlife migration patterns. Meanwhile, the farm team is experimenting with how to reduce energy and water use and creating and testing its own fermented soil amendments in hopes it will improve the soil and help the plants defend themselves against pests.

At the end of the day, Walker said, “We would not have bought this property without Steward.”

Lisa Held is Civil Eats’ senior staff reporter and contributing editor. Since 2015, she has reported on agriculture and the food system with an eye toward sustainability, equality, and health, and her stories have appeared in publications including The Guardian, The Washington Post, and Mother Jones. In the past, she covered health and wellness and was an editor at Well+Good. She is based in Baltimore and has a master's degree from Columbia University's School of Journalism. Read more >

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  1. Sally D.
    This is so so so cool! I'm an avid farmers market shopper and I'm always wondering how I can not only support these farms and farmers, but also how to get their healthy, local foods to more people. Steward sounds like the perfect solution. I've just signed up and invested on their platform. Thanks for the heads up Civil Eats, this is really what we all need!!
  2. Dear Lisa,

    Thank you for your informative article. Much appreciated!

    Iroquois Valley Farmland REIT's $50Million Dollar Direct Public Offering was approved in April, 2019, allowing the public to invest in organic agriculture at the organic family farm production level with their investable dollars. The Company is built to support the businesses of family farmers farming organically and regeneratively. The Company has over 400 accredited investors carefully selected for their commitment to long-term investing in organic agriculture. We provide secure farmland access to our farmers where they all have the opportunity to purchase the land, if they choose. Farmers bring farmland opportunities to us. We offer farmer-friendly financial services, including purchase/lease, mortgage financing, and operating lines of credit. Please feel free to reach out if you would like to learn more, and, please consider at least mentioning us as you may find appropriate. Thank you for your great work.
    John Steven
  3. David V.
    Calling all 'real-estate and tech entrepreneurs'! Leave farming alone! 8-10 percent interest on a six-figure loan? There is so much cheaper money out there with interest rates what they are. What farmers need is assistance to access funds that the USDA and community banks already have available, not some scheme from a tech billionaire. Don't invest your money with these people, I'm sure their facebook feed won't show the broken families that result when these loans get to the 'repayment' phase.
    • David, I'm glad you're passionate about looking out for farming families—keep fighting for them! However, I think your comment misses the reality that federal funding is heavily subsidized and as such is not itself a sustainable long-term option for funding sustainable agriculture.
      Independent financing - from this company or others - will necessarily be more expensive, but higher rates should be expected as long as they reflect the "real cost" of the venture, without hidden externalities/subsidies. To achieve true independence in our food system, regenerative agriculture cannot be dependent on subsidized federal funding.
      I too hope we can continue to support family farms in a manner that will alleviate debt and increase independence. But I think that will primarily happen through individual investors choosing to support regenerative farmers. As long as these companies are committed to helping farmers achieve financial independence as quickly as possible, I think alternative funding solutions are needed and will be welcomed by farmers, especially those who don't fit the "conventional ag" mold.
  4. Wendell Huggins
    This is very comprehensive and must be further encouraged to sustainability in helping investors achieve their goals and objectives.
  5. drago kajtuzovic
    .....very interesting.we are starting a new regenerative agriculture, agroforestry, cacao plantation in a 500 ha farm in ecuador
  6. Cliff Hillyard
    I have read most of the presentation you have on "crowd farming", and found it most interesting. Having groups of people investing in local, sustainable farms is, in a way, making them responsible for helping our planet, and for what they eat. Good job! Now...if only I could do that for my small, 5 acre homestead in Texas, we would really be on to something! Of course, I would have to figure out what to plant that I could sell to customers in my area.

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