There’s a Blueprint to Halve the Food Waste Fiasco | Civil Eats

There’s a Blueprint to Halve the Food Waste Fiasco

A food waste expert at World Resources Institute lays out their plan for a multi-stakeholder, global approach to fix a solvable problem.

woman throwing food away into the compost bin making food waste

Would you eat chips made from chicken trimmings, vegetable purée made from juice, and breweries’ spent grain? Those are the ingredients in Tyson Foods’ Yappah protein crisps, part of the company’s bid to fight food waste. Although the chips are a niche product, the problem they aim to address impacts all of us.

Around the world, one in nine people lack enough food. Farmers everywhere struggle to make a good living. And at the same time, we face a climate crisis in which the food system plays a huge part. It’s in this troubling context that, of all the food farmers and companies produce around the world, nearly one-third goes uneaten. This waste costs the global economy $940 billion each year and is responsible for 8 percent of greenhouse gas emissions.

In the United States, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates that 30-40 percent of the country’s food supply is lost or wasted from farm to plate, costing families thousands of dollars per year and generating a huge amount of greenhouse gas emissions.

People are increasingly aware of the problem, and in recent years a movement has formed to solve it. As part of the Sustainable Development Goals, the United Nations set a global target to cut food loss and waste in half by 2030. Now, new research from my organization, World Resources Institute, lays out a Global Action Agenda for how exactly to do this.

Often, farmers, suppliers, grocery stores, and shoppers want to act, but aren’t sure where to start. Our action agenda gives everyone—including fishers, ranchers, shipping companies, manufacturers, stores, restaurants, policymakers, investors, and many more players along the food supply chain—a clear to-do list:

  • At the top, more national governments should set country-wide strategies to reduce food loss and waste, working with the private sector.
  • Companies should set reduction targets and engage their largest suppliers to do the same.
  • Farmers have a vital role, too. Sometimes, they need better transportation options and access to more markets. Investing in training and technology to improve storage can also help.
  • Consumers are also part of the solution. Aside from simply raising awareness, retailers can help make it easy for consumers to shift their behavior. For example, clearer date labels help. So can ending “buy one get one free” promotions, which often encourage shoppers to buy too much of perishable items like fruit.

There is some promising progress already. The U.S. has adopted the U.N.’s 50 percent by 2030 goal domestically, with the USDA, Environmental Protection Agency, and Food and Drug Administration charged with implementing it through the U.S. Food Waste Challenge. The government now measures and gives estimates of national food loss and waste, and it works with nonprofit organizations, businesses, and state and local authorities to get those numbers down. The FDA earlier this year urged companies to adopt standardized food-expiration labels that read “best if used by” rather than confusing “sell by” or “use before” language that leads to greater food waste.

Several states, including Arizona, Colorado, Kentucky, Oregon, and Virginia (as well as the District of Columbia), now have tax incentives to encourage stores to donate their excess food rather than throwing it away.

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The federal government has also engaged 23 of the country’s biggest food companies, including retailers Kroger, Walmart and Wegmans, food manufacturers such as Campbell Soup Company and PepsiCo, as well as restaurants and food service providers like Aramark, Bon Appétit, Hilton, Sodexo and Yum! Brands. These companies make up the U.S. Food Loss and Waste 2030 Champions, and have committed to halve food loss and waste in their own operations by 2030. To do so, they are coming up with creative products like Tyson’s protein crisps and other ways to cut waste from their operations.

The world’s food waste problem is huge, and a problem of this scale requires a big, coordinated, strategic solution. To reduce the impact food loss and waste has on the climate, we need to target especially emissions-intensive industries like beef, dairy, and rice. Many of our solutions require more research, data, and funding to scale around the world and in different industries. But the good news is, people care. With concerted and informed effort, we can tackle this problem.

Dealing with food loss and waste brings us one important step closer to feeding the world without leaving anyone behind, without damaging the environment and without contributing further to climate change.

WRI’s new report, Reducing Food Loss and Waste: Setting a Global Action Agenda, was produced with support from The Rockefeller Foundation, and in partnership with United Nations Environment, Natural Resources Defense Council, Iowa State University, The University of Maryland’s Ed Snider Center, The Consortium for Innovation in Postharvest Loss and Food Waste Reduction, Wageningen University and Research, the World Bank and WRAP.

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Katie Flanagan is an Associate with the Food Program at the World Resources Institute. Read more >

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  1. I work as dishwasher in a restaurant. Everyday food left over not eatened/consumed are thrown into the garbage bag consigned to the waste bin as a throw away scheme to the land fill. Kitchen food wastes, expired food stuff in the grocery shelves, veggie cuttings trimmings etc are also thrown away! There are middle schools, colleges & university nearby, i think a project scheme can be designed to involve engage the schools to have partnership with waste generator provider for a kind of recycle reuse recover biodegradable waste back to the farms for healthy happy mother earth soil sustainability! The schools may have enough land area and of course plenty of hands and feet to convert the wastes into organics: Compost, soil additives, humus, even as fermented probiotic inputs for plants/crops and livestock/poultry feeds. Some food wastes can be made as feedstock of anaerobic digester to produce methane capture as renewable biofuel with the solid and liquid digestate as natural organic fertilizer and pesticide. I can volunteer to set up/hands-on back yard biogas digester. I attended international biogas training in chengdu china while i was working in dept. Agrarian reform (dar) cebu province, philippines.
    Now am clifton new jersey ss green card immigrant.
  2. This article is just six weeks old and Yappah has already been discontinued. "The team decided that the product did not offer the viability that would enable continued investment."
    Nothing is going to change unless companies can deal with making 70-80% of all the money instead of 95-97%.
  3. Thank you so much for your article and work. We, OWARECO, LLC, are a New York based waste management technology company that focuses on the challenge of reducing and recycling of food waste to beneficial use. We agree that we must strive to engage stakeholders and multiple levels in order to achieve meaningful results. Over the years we have worked with institutes across the US to explore how we can develop models for waste reduction and upcycling that can assist communities across the country. Please continue your valuable work.

    OWARECO, LLC Research at RIT in the local news

    Myron Alexander
    1 (914) 315-1107

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