Montana Food Groups in Action | Civil Eats

Montana Food Groups in Action

Around the state of Montana, people are taking action to make a sustainable, local food system a reality. From the legislative level to the grassroots level, volunteers and institutions are demanding Montana-produced food. Montana’s food system, like many others, is largely resource and energy dependent. However, the vision for a community-based food system, one where affordable and consistent access to local, nutritious food is available is coming into clearer focus.

Montana Food for Montanans Initiative is just one coalition working to keep more dollars within the state with a mission of creating a resilient and self-reliant food system. Grow Montana is another broad-based coalition that works to support policies that promote community-based food production. Directed by a steering committee with members throughout the state, Grow Montana has revealed, through university research and reports, the inefficiencies of the conventional food system and identified the potential economic benefits of a state-based food system.

In the summer of 2006, Grow Montana partnered with Montana Campus Compact to launch the FoodCorps, a team of five, full-time AmeriCorps VISTAs (pictured) to coordinate Farm to Cafeteria programs across the state. As the Farm to College Coordinator at the University of Montana, I help to procure local food for University Dining Services. By linking local farmers to local markets, we can strengthen the connection regarding where our food comes from and those who produce it while supporting our local economy. Because Montana’s public institutions spend roughly $33 million on food purchases a year, increasing Montana-produced food in public institutions brings significant benefits to the local economy and agricultural community.

But what is the current state of Montana’s food system? Today, 10 percent of Montana-produced food is consumed by Montanans, a figure that had fallen from 70 percent in the 1950s. Thus, most of the $3 billion that Montanans spend on food each year goes to out-of-state companies. A recurrent observation is that Montana is one truck driver strike away from food insecurity. Montana has an incredible amount of food crops, yet most are shipped out of state, processed, and shipped back in. This lack of in-state food processing and value-added agricultural infrastructure is one of the barriers inhibiting the ability of farmers and ranchers to serve in-state markets. Various issues contribute to an institution’s inability to purchase raw product: time constraints, volume of product, lack of space, or labor costs. Thus, it’s easier for schools and universities to purchase produce that has been processed — for example, broccoli florets rather than a head of broccoli, coined carrots rather than whole, chopped lettuce rather than heads. When this infrastructure is lacking, institutions in particular have more difficultly purchasing local food.

Grow Montana seeks to change this energy-dependent food system and revitalize Montana’s economy by working on various levels. The organization has been a significant force in passing key legislative policies that make a local food system possible. In 2007, the Montana Procurement Act was passed which allows public institutions more flexibility to buy Montana-produced food. Previously the law required that public institutions, such as universities and K-12 schools, buy the cheapest food possible. Though not all Montana-produced food is more expensive, the Montana Procurement Act allows public institutions to consider how and where food was produced when making decisions.

On the ground, the five FoodCorps volunteers help put these legislative policies into practice. Purchasing locally-grown food strengthens the agricultural economy and serving healthy and delicious food increases both human and environmental health. As liaisons between farmers, ranchers, community organizations, and food service workers we build relationships and link the various components of our food system. We track statistics regarding the amount of local food purchased and develop educational programs for students and staff. These local purchasing guidelines keep more dollars within Montana and the economic impact is significant.

newsmatch 2023 banner - donate to support civil eats

As a result of six successful Farm to Cafeteria programs throughout the state, Farm to Cafeteria Connections was created in an effort to expand these efforts and form a network of foodservice professionals, farmers, ranchers, and leaders in Montana’s local food movement. By working together and sharing resources, new Farm to Cafeteria programs are starting up in hospitals, schools, and other institutions.

During the opening session of Terra Madre, the world meeting of food communities held in Turin, Italy this past October, Vandana Shiva expressed that in the midst of an environmental, financial and world food crisis, something must change. She explained that these changes, on the community level, will create the waves of the sustainable food movement. It is this kind of community based change that is helping Montana become more food secure – one institution at a time.

We’ll bring the news to you.

Get the weekly Civil Eats newsletter, delivered to your inbox.

Lianna Bishop, a recent graduate of Marquette University, is an AmeriCorps VISTA with the University of Montana Farm to College Program. Inspired by her Italian roots, she is passionate about improving community access to a sustainable food system, believing fully that what we eat reflects who we are and what we value. Read more >

Like the story?
Join the conversation.

  1. Right on Lianna, Thanks for the great article!
  2. Julia
    Beautifully done, Lianna, thanks for passing this along! I'm so proud of all of the work you are doing.
  3. Wonderful work, Lianna! Proud of you; keep it up!
  4. Extremely well-written and insightful!! Hai un futuro (anzi, dovrei dire presente!) davvero splendente!

More from

Local Food


Volunteers from DTE Energy pack prepackaged boxes for delivery to churches and homebound seniors at Focus: HOPE, a local agency located in Detroit, Michigan that operates the Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) in a client choice model so that participants can select the foods they want. (Photo credit: Preston Keres, USDA)

The Government Spends Billions on Food. Who Benefits?

In this week’s Field Report: A push to improve federal food purchasing heats up, the first food-focused COP kicks off, dust storms accelerate, and new evidence suggests that fair-trade certifications are failing to protect farmworkers.


With Season 2, ‘High on the Hog’ Deepens the Story of the Nation’s Black Food Traditions

Stephen Satterfield and Jessica B. Harris watching the sunset at the beach, in a still from Netflix's High on the Hog Season 2. (Photo courtesy of Netflix)

Building a Case for Investment in Regenerative Agriculture on Indigenous Farms

Jess Brewer gathers livestock at Brewer Ranch on the Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation. (Photo courtesy of Intertribal Agriculture Council,

Walmart and EDF Forged an Unlikely Partnership. 17 Years Later, What’s Changed?

Aerial view of cargo containers, semi trailers, industrial warehouse, storage building and loading docks, renewable energy plants, Bavaria, Germany

Critic Soleil Ho: Are We Asking Too Much of Restaurants—or Not Enough?

Soleil Ho, culture critic, San Francisco Chronicle. Photo credit: Celeste Noche